◦Instruction: The purpose of schooling is to expand a child’s mind and
fill it with new information and knowledge.
◦Setting Standards: For the first time in children’s lives, they are graded
on their retention of the knowledge that they have acquired. Standards have been set and the child is expected to meet the
◦Reasoning: In school, children learn how to explain or reason an action.
-Cognitive: Teachers enforce a child’s cognitive development because they are, along with the child’s
parents, the important instructors in the child’s life.
-Observational: Once at the school age, a child spends the majority of his or her time at school and around the
teachers. Because of this, the children can begin to model the behaviors and actions of the teachers.
-Affective: During the many hours that a teacher and child spend together over a school year, a relationship forms,
and a child uses the knowledge of this relationship to formulate an opinion about other relationships.
-Operant: Teachers must enforce discipline in the classroom in order to maintain a beneficial learning environment
for all the children in a classroom, and children start to learn the causes and effects of their actions. They learn that
one behavior may result in a favorable reaction from their teacher, but another behavior may result in a punishment or unfavorable